INTERCONNECTION AND INTEGRATION OF PRODUCTION SYSTEMS
When we talk about industry 4.0 we are referring to an organisational model that is aimed at the production of goods and services across an interconnected and integrated system of machines with digital technologies and people.
The first Industrial Revolution was started by the adaptation of machines that were powered by inanimate energy sources like steam or fossil fuels. The Second Industrial Revolution was powered by the introduction of mass production. Then the third Industrial Revolution saw the introduction of automated systems that were based on electronic and computer technologies, the fourth Industrial Revolution aims to integrate the technologies that were previously introduced by the one before.
The main objective is to create production, commercial and logistics systems that will be able to manage, interpret and also enhance a large amount of data available thanks to the use of digital technologies.
This objective can be achieved due to the adoption of sensors installed on machines and production plants. It is thanks to these that we are able to generate “transparency”, or to detect physical and dimensional reference parameters that can then be transformed into data and processed. After which these can then be transformed into planning programs aimed at optimising processes, predictive maintenance, and reducing energy consumption.
The idea of integrating the “physical” part of the company with the information systems used can be applied by processing the available data, and transforming it into information and interpreted data. This in turn is capable of improving, for example, not only warehouse management, production, and internal movements, but also upstream purchases and downstream sales
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