Companies that want to develop their processes according to the paradigms of industry 4.0 must focus their resources on integration. Therefore they must integrate activities that have a reciprocal influence both among themselves and also with the subjects that make up the value chain. The structure of the functional areas, while varying from one company to another, maintain a basic scheme that consists of production, maintenance, internal logistics, external logistics, purchases, sales, after-sales services. These functional areas include all the operational activities of the value chain. A further functional area is that of facility engineering, or more precisely, that linked to support activities, which do not directly contribute to the creation of the output, as they are horizontal activities. The set of enabling technologies of industry 4.0 contribute to the creation of a modular reference architecture, capable of adapting to the needs of the individual company.
- ability to detect, view and modify production parameters in real-time;
- possibility of optimizing production based on different criteria;
- efficiency of energy consumption;
- automatic control of the use of PPE
- automatic handling of goods and their tracking within the company;
- streamlining of incoming goods management processes;
- automated management and warehouses.
- the possibility of automatically reordering goods that are running out;
- the possibility of having transactions conditional on the state of the goods;
- automatic certification of transactions
- the transition from preventive maintenance to predictive maintenance;
- increased operator safety;
- reduction of operator training times and costs;
- reduction of machine downtime.
- automation of warehouse loading/unloading in the management system;
- automation of the unloading scheduling;
- increase in the co-ordination of the transporter/internal warehouse;
- modelling of the behaviours of the various actors along the supply chain
Distribution and sale
- acquisition of purchase or interaction data directly from the store shelf;
- acquisition of real-time sales data;
- billing automation.